The Commerzbank Headquaters in Frankfurt, Germany was designed by Foster + Partners and was the most ecological office tower of its time in 1997 but even this building has a high use of glazing to provide light to the offices. The building uses 4 story gardens around the structure at different levels to draw fresh air into the central atrium to cool internal offices. One of the differences in this building from the typical high rise is all windows can be manually opened reducing the need for artificial cooling. I think that all new high rise buildings need to have a reactive system to assist air flow through structure without using large amounts of energy.
A few brainstorming ideas of how to power interactive buildings
- Tidal flow if beside the sea of tidal esturarys
- Grey and waste water to run through tubines with high pressure created from height of building
- Biomass used to heat building in winter and sevice ventilation systems in summer
Another basic architectural concept that I was unaware of until yesterday was the use of sun path diagrams invented by Corbusier. Sketchup and Revit provide the modern day solution to sun path but Benson highlighted the importance of using real models and light to predict the lighting of space. Modern day programmes sometimes give a misleading prediction. This theory is backed up by our visit to the architectural practice Dixon Jones in our first week of the MSc. This practive also believes that model making is the only true was to predict how a building will behave.